Livestock is commonly defined as domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool. Livestock farming practices have largely shifted to intensive animal farming, sometimes referred to as “factory farming”. In particular, livestock, especially beef, dairy and sheep stocks, have out-sized influence on greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture.
THE LIVESTOCK FARMING CHALLENGES
Feeding constraints concerned largely the lack of dry season feed, but also affordably prices for by-products or concentrates. Feed supply depended mostly on crops and crop residues, such as cassava and papaya leaves, cassava peelings, rice straw, sugarcane tails/tips, banana stems, sweet potato vines and maize stalks. Some people reserved small areas to grow forage grasses or multipurpose shrubs.